The leaves are less like the classic maple, more closely resembling the leaves of ivies or ash trees (another common name for this plant is ivy-leaved maple). The oak tree has many hybrids which can make identification a tough job. Leaves turn red or yellow in the fall. The maple tree is the national arboreal emblem of Canada. Nevertheless, large silver maple street trees are numerous in many areas and these are sometimes tapped as part of a sugaring operation. Like all maples, the leaves, buds and twigs of all four are attached in pairs opposite each other along the branches. Spring foliage is burgundy, turning green in summer, then yellow or yellow-orange in fall. This is a small rounded tree with narrow upright branches. The flowers are upright and green, yellow, or red in color depending on species, and the fruit appears in winged clusters which hold the seeds of this self-pollinating tree. From the perspective of producing maple syrup, red maple's most attractive characteristic is its ability to thrive on a wide variety of site conditions. Its leaves are nothing like what you expect from a maple. Tree Identification Field Guide. It isn’t until one dies on your property and you need a tree … Young trees up to 4-8 inches with smooth gray bark. As the tree ages, the bark starts to lift away from the tree and eventually the tree will take on a "shaggy" appearance. The sycamore maple is one of the more massive maples, featuring a dense rounded crown. Silver maple trees can grow to be between 70 and 100 feet tall. First, its sugar content is usually lower than red maple's, perhaps as much as 1/2 percent or more, which means even higher production costs and lower profits. Most conifer trees have needles or scales present all year that can be used for identification. Because of the wide variety of sites on which red maple will grow, it is found growing naturally in pure stands and with an enormous variety of other tree species ranging from gray birch and paper birch, to yellow poplar and black cherry, and including sugar and black maple. The commercial production of maple products in North America occurs primarily in the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada (Figure 3.1). Instead, as the scientific and common names note, the foliage is more like what you would find on a hornbeam tree (Carpinus spp.). A fourth maple species, silver maple (Acer saccharinum), is sometimes tapped, particularly in roadside operations, and is often confused with red maple. Silver maple's growth rate often responds dramatically to thinning or release cutting. The leaves are medium-green in color with three or five lobes; the foliage turns yellow-orange in fall. Caused By: Fungi that tends to hide in leaf debris.Specific species include Rhytisma acerinum, R. americanum, and R. For example, the autumn blaze maple tree is a hybrid of a red maple and a silver maple, and will have characteristics of each parent. Many plant species within a genus have a similar appearance, but there can be surprises, as is the case with hornbeam maple. The Amur maple is one of the smaller trees in the Acer genus, growing either as a spreading multi-stem shrub or a small tree with a dense, rounded crown. There are actually twelve native maples found in North America, but only five are commonly seen across most of the continent. Apr 6, 2018 - Explore Steve Ferrick's board "Tree Bark Identification" on Pinterest. All have leaves of similar shape: a single leaf blade with the characteristic maple shape, 3-5 lobes radiating out like fingers from the palm of a hand (palmately lobed) with notches (called sinuses) between the lobes. The Red Maple (Acer rubrum) is a medium to large deciduous tree that flourishes in a variety of habitats in the Adirondack Mountains.Its common name reflects the fact that its flowers, fruits, leaf stalks, and autumn colors are red or reddish. These trees are highly valued by wood workers for their unusually patterned grain. It also is sometimes called by the common name Siberian maple. The Amur maple tree grows to between 10 and 32 ft. (3 – 10 m) and has a dense, rounded crown. One of the few exceptions is European larch which loses its needles in winter. Landscape set up as primary tree focal point in a flower bed or as a stand alone tree … The undersides of this maple tree's leaves are silver and flash attractively in the wind. It has a winged fruit but the wings hang down at an angle whereas those on the field Maple … In fall, this tree turns attractive shades of yellow, orange, or red. Plant this red maple tree in … Fall foliage is variable, ranging from an ordinary green to shades of yellow and red. Regionally, this species may be known as the rock maple or hard maple. One either taps red maple or they don't sugar. The paperbark maple is an excellent specimen tree for small landscapes, especially when planted near a deck or patio where it can be appreciated. As maples begin their growth, chemical changes occur in the sap which make it unsuitable for syrup production. In the fall, this variety of maple tree's bright green lobed foliage changes to deep scarlet and orange. Best of the Best: Maples With Great Fall Color, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 40 Species of Pines From Around the World, 12 Common Species of Magnolia Trees and Shrubs, 12 Common Species of Willow Trees and Shrubs, 9 Recommended Species of Serviceberry Trees and Shrubs, 11 Species of Walnut Trees for North American Landscapes. Its natural habitat is along stream banks, floodplains, and lake edges where it grows best on better-drained, moist alluvial soils. Under natural conditions, silver maple is primarily a bottomland and floodplain species, where it may occur in pure stands but is more commonly found associated with other bottom species such as American elm, sweetgum, pin oak, swamp white oak, eastern cottonwood, sycamore, and/or green ash. 1. Genetic research on sugar maple suggests that the sap sugar content of planted seedlings can be increased by controlled breeding. Like sugar and black maple, red maple is shade tolerant and is found in both even-aged and uneven-aged forests. In other areas, red maple may be tapped along with sugar and black maples. Winged seed approximately 1" long. Dwarf varieties are often used as ornamental shrubs, while larger cultivars are planted as small specimen trees. Both species are also found in stands composed of trees that are essentially all the same age (size). Older trees developing furrows and ultimately long, irregular, thick vertical plates that appear to peal from the trunk in a vertical direction. Maples are deciduous trees characterized by opposite leaf arrangement and spectacular fall color. The vine leaf maple features leaves with three parts, a structure known as trifoliate. 2-6 inches wide; 3lobed (occasionally weakly 5-lobed); sharply V-shaped sinuses; small sharp teeth along. There are thirteen native maple species in North America (Table 3-1). Sugar and black maple are very similar species and unquestionably the most preferred species for producing maple products, primarily because of their high sugar content. Mature leaves have a whitish appearingunderside. 5-7 inches wide; deeply clefted; 5-lobed with the sides of the terminal lobe diverging toward the tip; light green upper surface and a silvery white underside; leaf margin with fine teeth (but not the inner edges of the sinuses). Compared to sugar and black maple, red maple is a relatively short-lived tree, rarely living longer than 150 years. Similar to sugar maple but twig surface with small warty growths (lenticels, which are not raised much above the bark surface in sugar maple) and often more hairy buds. Lots of species of moth, such as the mocha, feed on its leaves. They should not be confused with the desirable maple species when performing management practices such as thinning or release cuts. A rounder form rather than tall will strengthen your case for a Japanese maple tree. TREE IDENTIFICATION GUIDE It’s easy to go through life with what our third-grade teacher taught us about trees. The term "buddy sap" is often applied to late season sap which produces syrup with a very disagreeable flavor and odor. Japanese maple tree also have delicate toothed long lobes on leaves on horizontal branches. Thinning or release cutting dramatically reduces this age-to-tapable-size. The hedge maple is a great choice for the urban garden, as it does well in many difficult environments: drought; acidic, alkaline, or salty soils; shady locations; and climates where there is ozone deficiency. Maple trees are identified by their 5-lobed leaves and winged fruit. Resistant to air pollution, trident maple is a good choice for street-side plantings. Northeast United States & Southern Canada, Northeast United States & Southeast Canada, Southeast United States Coastal Plain & Piedmont. The silver maple is one of the trees you are most likely to see throughout the U.S., since it naturalizes very easily and grows very quickly. Sugar and black maples are found on a variety of soils and site conditions, but neither tolerates excessively wet or dry sites, and both grow best on moist, deep, well-drained soils. Maple Tree Identification The commercial production of maple products in North America occurs primarily in the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada (Figure 3.1). The species and common names for this maple come from the fact that the leaves are similar to those of the sycamore (Platanus). If the foliage on the tree is needles or scales then you are probably looking at a conifer. The red spring buds turn into red seed structure (samaras) hanging from reddish twigs. Its leaves generally have three lobes when the tree is young but the leaves on mature trees are not lobed. In some areas of the commercial maple range, red maple is the only maple present on many sites. Healthy sugar and black maple trees growing in overstocked uneven-aged or even-aged stands can be expected to achieve tapable size in 40 to 60 years, depending on overall site quality. In shape and size, this small tree looks similar to the Japanese maple and may be used in a similar way as a specimen tree. In some areas, this tree is known as the planetree maple. This is the geographic area of greatest abundance of sugar maple (Acer saccharum) and black maple (Acer nigrum), the two most preferred and most commonly tapped maple species. Black and sugar maples begin growth later in the spring than red or silver maple. 3-5 inches wide; 5lobed (rarely 3-lobed); bright green upper surface and a paler green lower surface; leaf margin without fine teeth (compare with red and silver maple). The red flowers becom… Most of the maple species are deciduous woody plants, ranging from multi-stemmed shrubs to large upright trees with massive trunks. Some trees may have leaves sporting several of these colors at once. Field maple is attractive to aphids and their predators, including many species of ladybird, hoverfly and bird. Its use as an ornamental and street tree, at least in urban areas, has been discontinued in recent years because the wood of silver maple is very brittle and often breaks in severe wind, snow or ice storms. Identifying a tree as a sugar or black maple (Table 3.2, Figure 3.2 & 3.3) is easily done from the leaves by observing 5-lobed leaves, the paired opposite attachment of the leaves along the stem and the lack of teeth along the leaf margin; from the bark of older trees by observing the long plates that remain attached on one side; from the twigs by observing the opposite arrangement of buds and the relatively long, pointed, brownish terminal bud; and from the seed by observing its horseshoe shape and size. Plantations of sugar maple have also been established with the intent of developing efficient, productive sugar bushes. The leaves typically have more lobes than other maples, and a finer texture. The leaf edges have fine teeth. This plant is sensitive to both heat and cold. For this guide, we have chosen some of the trees commonly found on the trails at the Arboretum. Black maple is more likely to be found along moist river bottoms. Identifying a tree as a red maple (Table 3.2, Figure 3.4) is done from the leaves by observing the 3 lobes (occasionally 5), the paired opposite arrangement of the leaves and the small teeth along the margin; from the bark of older trees by the presence of the scaly plates; from the twig by observing the paired opposite arrangement of the buds, the relatively short, blunt, rounded, red terminal bud and the lack of an offensive odor when the bark of the twig is bruised or scraped; and from the fruit by observing its severe V-shape and size. Other things being equal, higher sap sugar content translates to lower costs of production and greater profits. Maple trees have pointed lobes, whereas white oak tree leaves have a rounded lobe shape. The sugar maple is a large tree with a densely rounded crown. The dark-green leaves are quite large, with five lobes, but there is no fall color to speak of—the foliage remains green or may turn a yellowish-brown. Table 3-2 contains a descriptive comparison and Figures 3.2 through 3.5 illustrate characteristic leaves, bark, twigs, and fruits of sugar, black, red and silver maple. It can also be used as a street tree if the power lines are high enough. Big leaf maple is a massive, thick-bodied tree with furrowed gray or reddish-brown bark. Horseshoe-shaped double-winged fruit with parallel or slightly divergent wings. Silver maple is a rapidly growing maple found throughout much of the eastern United States and extreme southeastern Canada, where it is often tapped (sometimes heavily) in a particular location (Figure 3.9). Both species are relatively long lived, capable of living well beyond 200 years, with trunk diameters greater than 30 inches and heights greater than 100 feet. It is not unusual to find many trees in a sugar bush well in excess of 3 percent, and occasionally higher. Silvery gray on young trees breaking into long thin scaly plates that give the trunks of older trees a very shaggy appearance. Sugar and black maple are particularly attractive as sugar trees because of their high sap sugar content and the late date at which they begin growth in the spring. This lower sap sugar content translates to higher costs of production and lower profits. Regionally, this tree carries many different common names: scarlet maple, soft maple, Drummond red maple, Carolina red maple, swamp maple, trident red maple, and water maple. With all of the variations, it’s hard to pinpoint a few obvious features that make a tree a maple. Identification: Black spots that range in size from a pin-prick to size of a half dollar (4 cm).Some reports say that the spots can get as big as two inches. Just like the Sugar Maple tree, the Japanese maple loves well-drained soil. If these species occur in a sugarbush it is important to be able to identify them. This species is closely related to the Amur maple. Slender, shiny, usually reddish in color; terminal buds. Third, like red maple, the evaporation of sap from some silver maples produces an excessive amount of sugar sand. Throughout much of the commercial maple region, however, most maple producers will not tap silver maple. The sugar maple tree (Acer saccharum) grows abundantly in the northeastern part of North America: the northeastern United States (including as far south as Tennessee) and the southeastern portion of Canada.Sugar maples produce strong timber and yield maple syrup, and both commodities contribute considerably to the economy of the region. First, the sap sugar content of red maple will be less, on the average, than that of nearby comparable sugar or black maples, perhaps by 1/2 percent or more. It is not a popular landscape tree because it lacks fall color, but the sycamore maple can make a good shade tree and has good tolerance for salty conditions. This medium-sized shade tree has an attractive dense crown that is symmetrically round, but it is a shallow-rooted tree. Because of its fast growth rate, however, mature trees can achieve diameters in excess of 3 feet and heights in excess of 100 feet. Barbara Gillette is a Master Gardener, Herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist with decades of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals. The oak tree leaf is broad, thin and flat and is called a broadleaf. This medium-sized maple is a common landscape tree in North America, a classic shade tree with a rounded or oval-shaped crown. In fact, this is where it gets the name “loblolly” from. General Description. Also, all four produce a fruit called a samara (or double samara), which is a pair of connected, winged seeds. Similar to red maple but bruised or scraped bark has a very fetid or foul odor. Here are the most common types of maples trees: Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. While the exact sap sugar content of a tree will vary depending on many factors including genetics, site and weather, sugar and black maples generally average between 2.0 and 2.5 percent sap sugar content. Maples are renowned for their autumn colors; many species put on a display of oranges, browns, yellows, and reds every year. Our illustrated, step-by-step process makes it easy to identify a tree simply by the kinds of leaves it produces. The Japanese maple is a staple in many Japanese gardens, as well as in the world of bonsai. Many people decide to plant maples because they work well as shade, street, and specimen trees. Begin identifying your tree by choosing the appropriate region below. Trees of North Carolina A Free, On-Line Plant Identification tool Featuring native and naturalized trees of North Carolina. Maple tree leaves: Amur maple tree leaves are 2” – 4” (5 – 10 cm) long with three or five lobes with toothed margins. Maple Tree Types. Blood red Japanese maple has very deep dark red leaves during the summer and are wonderfully bright red in the fall when the sun shines through the leaves. The three-lobed leaves are medium green on the top surfaces, with bottom surfaces that are gray-green. Welcome to the University of Tennessee Arboretum Tree Identification Guide! In the right settings, this species may become invasive, so before planting it check to make sure it is not a problem in your region. Twigs are reddish and have rounded, oblong, vegetative buds. What we ‘half remember’ is enough for us to happily relegate trees to the background of everywhere we go and everything we do. What Tree Is That? Here are 13 excellent maple tree species for your landscape. Sugar and black maple both grow in the shade of other trees (they are shade tolerant), and trees of many different ages (sizes) are often found in a forest. A young silver maple will have gray bark with hints of red. These four species share several characteristics in common. Although it develops best on moderately well-drained to well-drained, moist soils, it commonly grows in conditions ranging from dry ridges to swamps. In a neglected yard, seedlings may quickly spout up and overtake a landscape. This does not include hundreds of maple species in all other countries and those that are yet to be discovered. Three-lobed (or sometimes five-lobed) green leaves usually turn reddish in fall, though the particular hues can be unpredictable. Sugar maple’s leaves (pictured below ) are the shape that most people associate with maple leaves; they typically have either 5 or 7 lobes, with vivid autumn coloring ranging from yellow to purplish red. It is recognized by the opposite paired arrangements of its leaves and branches, its 7lobed leaf without marginal teeth, and its 11/2 to 2 inch long samara with divergent wings (Figure 3.12). To make maple tree identification a little easier, let’s begin by dividing them into two main groups: hard and soft maples. Maple trees are members of the genus Acer, which includes a lot of variety in size, shape, color, and growth habit. Even in zone 5, a severe cold spell in winter can cause severe dieback, and in the southern part of the range, it benefits from some shade to prevent leaf scorch. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. The sap of Norway maple is not commonly used to produce maple syrup. Striped maple (Acer pensylvanicum) and mountain maple (Acer spicatum) are two other native maples that are found growing within the commercial maple range (Figures 3.10 and 3.11). On good sites with little competition from other trees, silver maple diameter growth may approach 1/2 inch per year (rates as high as 1 inch per year have been recorded). If you take a look at a picture of the hornbeam maple, its leaves are nothing like what you would expect from a maple. Five common species are shown here. margin. Probably no other species of forest tree, certainly no hardwood, can thrive on a wider variety of soil types and sites. The foliage turns dramatic shades of orange or red in fall. See more ideas about tree, tree identification, tree bark. It's is a medium-sized tree of short bole and quickly branching crown. Toothed leaves. 'Crimson King' is one of the most popular varieties; it features very attractive maroon leaves throughout the growing season, but the fall color is unremarkable, turning a grayish color. Distinguishing between them may be more of an academic exercise than one useful in sugar bush management because (1) they are essentially identical in quality as sugar trees, and (2) they often hybridize producing trees with a range of characteristics, making it difficult to clearly distinguish between them. Maple Tree Tar Spot. Both species have been planted extensively as roadside trees which are often tapped as part of a sugaring operation. Tiger maple is not a species of maple tree, but an abnormality in less than 5 percent of common maples that produces a wavy, striped pattern in the grain. The leaves are either green or red and come in a wide variety of shapes and textures—there are thousands of cultivars. Another desirable trait is the ability of many maples to tolerate drought. The red maple lives up to its name at many points throughout the year. Try the Arbor Day Foundation’s online tree identification tool. — Beta Version, getting better every day. As the name suggests, the leaves are quite large on this tree. Distinguishing between sugar and black maple is best done by comparing the leaf structure (particularly the number of lobes, droopiness and presence or absence of stipules along base of petiole) and by the degree of bumpiness of the twigs. Includes images of bark, twigs, leaves, reproductive organs as well as distribution maps. Most maples are shallow-rooted trees that can push up sidewalks and other paving surfaces if planted too close. Click on “identify” and then select the image that looks most like the plant you are trying to identify. Silver maple is among the fastest growing hardwood species commonly planted in eastern North America, certainly the fastest growing maple. Because sugar and black maple resume growth later than red or silver maple, sap may be collected later in the spring. It has the biggest leaves of any maple; the classic five-lobed, palm-shape leaves can be over 12 inches wide. The 'Embers' and 'Flame' varieties have especially vibrant fall colors in both leaves and fruit. It does not have the palmate lobes that most maple leaves feature. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Thinning or release cutting will substantially shorten the age-to-tapable-size. Silver maple, for example, will go from smooth and silver to furrowed and gray and black as it grows older, as the photo shows. Leaves with a serrated edge or with tooth-like shapes around the margins are called toothed leaves. A somewhat shiny, brownish, slender, relatively smooth twig with. Other common names for this tree include broadleaf maple and Oregon maple. Instead, as the scientific and common names note, the foliage more closely resembles that of the hornbeam tree (Carpinus spp.). These include trees in the pine, fir, cypress, larch and spruce families. The black maple is a large, deciduous tree 60 to 80 ft in height with a dense, rounded crown and a straight trunk up to 4 ft in diameter. Sugar sand or niter is the salt that precipitates during the evaporation process. This is most noticeable on the trunk—the oldest part of the tree. While most of these species are probably tapped to some extent, at least by hobbyists, sugar and black maple, along with red maple (Acer rubrum), provide most of the commercial sap. It is most easily identified by the opposite paired arrangement of its leaves and branches and its 3lobed leaf with coarse teeth. Identifying a silver maple (Table 3.2, Figure 3.5) is done from the leaves by observing the 5 lobes with the sides of the terminal lobe diverging toward the tip, the paired opposite arrangement of the leaves, the presence of fine teeth along the margin but not on the inner sides of the sinuses and the silvery white underside; from the bark of older trees by the trunk's shaggy appearance; from the twigs by observing the paired opposite arrangement of the buds, the relatively short blunt, rounded, red terminal bud and the presence of a fetid or foul odor when the twig is bruised or scraped; and from the fruit by observing its V-shape and size. Trident maple grows slowly, so it rarely needs pruning. One exotic maple, Norway maple (Acer platanoides), is commonly planted as an ornamental and street tree and will attain tapable size. Black maple, on the other hand, occupies a much smaller natural range (Figure 3.7). Greenish-white flowers in spring give way to red samaras, and the fall foliage is yellow or red. Reds return to the tree with the fall color change. Many plants in a genus are similar in appearance, but there can be some surprises. A maple tree with purple to reddish leaves during spring is a strong signal for a Japanese maple. Maple Tree Leaf Identification. The red maple is usually a medium-sized tree with a moderate growth rate. Fruits mature in fall. This is a much more serious disease that affects all kinds of maples, but Sugar Maple and Silver Maple are the ones most commonly affected. Mature trees commonly average between 20 and 30 inches in diameter and 60 and 90 feet tall. Most maples are also moisture-seekers, and their roots may infiltrate water pipes or sewer lines if they are planted above them. This is another shallow-rooted tree that should be kept away from areas with pipes or paving. 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